Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Employment Training and Management Development - Assignment Example The previously mentioned advances are relevant in a medicinal services setting to give new aptitudes required by attendants and other social insurance experts (Guo, 2003). For example, during preparing, and in the need examination, the board educates attendants regarding work execution aptitudes required, create human services goals and survey forthcoming preparing abilities. Common abilities conferred to attendants during preparing remember hands-for exercises, for example, dealing with patients with different requirements. The preparation practice at any stage bears the establishment for future profession greatness. Preferably, it is a procedure of skillsÃ¢â¬â¢ move, which expects the executives to make abilities move simple (Belaiche, 1999). Subsequently, coaches in a medicinal services setting amplify similitudes between work circumstance and preparing circumstance. Contrastingly, as the name goes, the board improvement is a movement that objectives chiefs. Dessler (2008) characterizes the executives advancement as endeavors to improve future or current administration execution through aptitudes, information or changing administration disposition. The board improvement is an increasingly customized movement and gets ready administrators for extra long haul work jobs (Guo, 2003).In expansion, the executives advancement is a procedure through which chief arrangement for, and in the long run fills senior level openings. This is generally alluded to as progression arranging. The executives improvement is actualized utilizing two techniques, which remember the board for the-work preparing, and the executives off-the-work preparing. In any case, the processÃ¢â¬â¢ sole point is to improve future and current administration execution. Correspondingly, the board advancement is of specific significance to the human services setting. Senior social insurance experts are associated with preparing to improve abilities, for example, representative administration. They are entrusted with guaranteeing work fulfillment and quality medical attendant execution, which requires persistence and key way to deal with achieve.Ã¢
Saturday, August 22, 2020
A Study On Office Ergonomics Management Essay Office ergonomics serve significant capacities in getting ready for, and reacting to, work environment basic occurrences. Working environment basic episodes are abrupt, startling occasions that frequently are sufficiently huge to overpower typical adapting reactions. They fluctuate in type and seriousness and can influence workers just as the executives. Such occurrences can truly influence the mental, passionate, and physical prosperity of representatives, businesses, and the whole association. Contrary impacts from the uncertain injury of a basic occurrence in the working environment can add to in general brought down degrees of profitability, terrible showing, progressively visit relational clash, expanded truancy, expanded utilization of physical and psychological well-being benefits, expanded specialists pay claims, higher turnover, higher paces of liquor and other substance abuse and misuse, and lower by and large representative fulfillment and spirit. As indicated by Jones (1985:11-12) it is perceived that nobody is resistant to issues. It is very normal that an issue in ones circle of life will influence different circles, that is, it is conceivable that business related issues to effectsly affect a representatives relationship with their partners, companions, chiefs and relatives while on the opposite side of the coin an individual encountering individual issue beginning from home can negatively affect the individual execution at work. As of now, medicinal services, pharmaceuticals, and media and media outlets find more than 25 percent of their workforce occupied with information age, thought age, and development. Proficient information laborers share in the duty of creating the serious edge of large venture. Bryan and Joyce (2005) report a few insights strengthening how experts experience interconnection. They refer to that numerous huge national and worldwide associations may utilize upwards of 10,000 expert information generators inside their partnerships. These individuals may have upwards of 50 million respective connections. From these numbers, one can make out that 21st century laborers don't act in a customary vertical or straight authoritative structure. Along these lines representative ought to be at the focal point of each business action and they ought to be incorporated such that they convey profoundly system of the business. Representative ought to be viewed as an immediate methods for accomplishing the destinations of the organization and they ought to be considered as a fundamental component of strategic policies in view to build execution and brand name of the organization. That why the social need and having a place is critical to introduce in organizations so representatives can get a feeling that they realize they feel perceived in working in the organization. People confronting both individual and business related issues do exist at Air Mauritius Ltd. These issues may have their source with their work structure, relational connections at work or at home, medical issue, psycho-social issues, failure to meet family and public activity desires, poor individual monetary administration, absence of trust and correspondence with the association or experiencing worry because of seeing hierarchical practices as being uncalled for towards our individual. In see that the social element of the undertakings in Mauritius is turning out to be increasingly significant, Air Mauritius Ltd ought to at all cost put its kin at the core of its monetary and social advancement by concentrating on their requirements for help when they face issue that can break both their own and expert life. To react to these requirements Mauritian carrier organization ought to embrace an all encompassing methodology by setting up expansive and express structures for managing worker issues through early recognizable proof and referral, that is, proficient consideration so the representative can be helped to release his/her capability to adapt to work and life occasions that may making hurt his/her own and expert life. Hierarchical Profile Air Mauritius Ltd which is one of the fundamental drivers of the Mauritian economy was consolidated in June 1967 and began activities with a Piper Navajo to ship travelers to RÃ£ ©union Island. Forty three after 44 years, the interesting Mauritian carrier organization has developed with a genuine armada of 12 airplane including 8 wide bodied airplane, 2 restricted bodied airplane and 2 prop turbo airplane and 3 helicopters. The various sorts of airplane are outlined beneath: Sorts of Aircraft Number Airbus A340-300 5 Airbus A340-300E 2 Airbus A319-100 2 ATR 72-500 2 Airbus A330-200 1 Complete 12 Helicopter 3 Table 3.1-Types of Aircraft From a household aircraft transporter, Air Mauritius Ltd has become the main planned universal traveler carrier in the Indian Ocean and furthermore serves 28 goals contacting four (4) landmasses to be specific Africa, Asia, Australia Europe. It has likewise extended its extent of administration which incorporates activity of worldwide and household booked air administrations for the carriage of travelers, cargo and mail and auxiliary administrations, for example, freight. The best piece of the income age originates from the business and relaxation travel with the last being the principle traveler portion which created 86% of the income, 10.4% from load administrations and 4% from different exercises led by its auxiliaries. During the previous four monetary years, the quantity of travelers conveyed via Air Mauritius Ltd has been fluctuating because of decline in movement request because of the world phenomenal budgetary emergency that hit nations where the mass of our travelers are found. Aside from working airplane, engaged with air payload administrations and other avionics auxiliary exercises, Air Mauritius Ltd has likewise broadened in different business exercises through its auxiliaries in particular: Mauritius Estate Development Corporation Ltd (MEDCOR) which is occupied with renting of office and business space Pointe Cotton resort Hotel Co Ltd which possesses Cotton narrows Hotel in Rodrigues Island and furnishes lodging convenience along with all inn administrations Airmate Ltd which is a completely possessed auxiliary of Air Mauritius Ltd fused in 2006 to give call focus and IT empowering administrations Air Mauritius (SA) (Pty) Ltd which goes about as a trip specialist for Air Mauritius in South Africa Authoritative Structure Aside from its Board of Directors and the Chief Executive Office, Air Mauritius is comprised of the accompanying bunches: Flight Operations Lodge Operations Grounds Operations Specialized Services HR Organizational Development Inside Audit Account Information Systems Vital Planning Correspondence Corporate Affairs Commercial Acquirement Load Labor sythesis Air Mauritius has an all out workforce of 2199 representatives who work in Mauritius and it contains: Male 1406 Female 793 All out 2199 Table 3.3No of representatives HR Issues One of the orders of the organization is to oversee and build up its HR so as it can accomplished its corporate goals. Air Mauritius Ltd through its statement of purpose and qualities, it shows that they esteem their representatives as one of its missions is to be a compensating execution driven organistaion and an incredible work environment and guarantee to show proficient and caring disposition and talk and act decidedly with our esteemed clients which incorporate additionally the workers. Air Mauritius like different business endeavors isn't invulnerable of human asset gives that sway on corporate and money related execution. The most widely recognized highlights are work turnover, end of business, disorder non-attendance, wounds at work, clinical expenses and so on and a survey of the information of related with these issues uncover the accompanying: For the vast majority, work is a place of refuge. In any case, prominent episodes/mishaps at work environment and security and wellbeing laws are convincing managers to create preventive projects to alleviate these issues, bringing about the making of a promising new specialty for wellbeing and wellbeing experts. Improved individual control and solace needs of representatives set off the worry among associations to give them a situation and office plan, which satisfy the workers needs and assists with improving their efficiency. A great many people burn through 50% of their lives inside indoor conditions, which essentially impact their psychological status, activities, capacities and execution. (Amina Hameed 2009 embraced from (Sundstrom 1994)). Better physical condition of office will help the workers and at last improve their profitability. Different writing relate to the investigation of numerous workplaces and places of business demonstrated that the variables, for example, disappointment, jumbled working environments and the physical condition are assuming a significant job in the loss of representatives efficiency (Amina Hameed 2009 received from Carnevale 1992, Clements-Croome 1997). As per Betty G. Dillard (February 1997) the control of ergonomics developed in United Kingdom in the late 1940s and was first authoritatively perceived in the USA in 1957 through the Human Factors Society. During the 1960s and 1970s ergonomics turned into a natural report to the field of modern building, and by the late 1970s ergonomics was perceived as a multidisciplinary field at the University of Michigan School of Engineering. Ergonomics is a significant factor in accomplishing and keeping up elevated levels of laborer profitability. Jeffrey E. Fernandez (April 1995) characterized ergonomics as the structure of the working environment, gear, machine, apparatus, item, condition, and framework, while considering the people physical, physiological, biomechanical, and mental capacities, and streamlining the adequacy and profitability of work frameworks while guaranteeing the security, wellbeing, and prosperity of the laborers. Ergonomics is an order worried about all parts of structuring for individuals. The point in ergonomics is to fit the
Sunday, August 16, 2020
An Open Letter to People Who Donât Think They Need to Read Diversely I love old, dead white men. There. I said it. F. Scott Fitzgerald is my boy. Tolstoy, Dickens, Steinbeck, Orwell, and Nabokovâ"Give me all the books. I even have a Vonnegut quote tattooed on my wrist. But because of that love, for the longest time, I experienced a very narrow sliver of what literature has to offer. The worst thing about that was that I didnât know it. Sure, I read some diverse fiction when I was in high school. I read Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, The Sound of Waves by Yukio Mishima, Anowa by Ama Ata Aidoo, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass by Frederick Douglass, and The Lion and the Jewel by Wole Soyinka. These arenât the only diverse books that my classes read, because I know my teachers explicitly made an effort to introduce us suburban kids to diverse authors. But the thing that didnât sink in then was why reading diversely is important. That wasnât a lesson I learned until college when I took a class on literary theory. That class, especially the words of my peers who all came from different backgrounds, taught me to see a literary work through anotherâs eyes. So when I graduated and started a job at my old high school, my old English teacher was tickled to hear me say, âI have a problem with this curriculum. Just too many old, dead white guys.â That doesnât mean I was putting my money where my mouth was though. Scrolling back through my âreadâ shelf on Goodreads, I see my reading looking a lot like this: dead white dude, dead white dude, dead white dude, living white dude, living white woman, dead white dude, hispanic woman whose book was assignedâ¦. Seriously, yikes. You might be thinking, well, who cares? Read what you want to read. But there are so many problems with the idea that what I wanted to read could only be written by dead white guys. That statement itself hides the toxic assumption that authors of color couldnât possibly write something that is relatable to a white reader. Like, what? A good story written well is relatable. Period. If you canât relate to it, it might not be a good story. I donât know about you, but I have read plenty of stories I just couldnât connect with. Many of those stories were written byâ"you guessed itâ"old dead white guys. Relating to and empathizing with a character is the entire point of fiction! This has everything to do with how skilled the writing is and nothing to do with the race, gender, sexuality, or class of the writer. A good story is a good story. The end. Still, many people see reading diversely as just an excuse to pat yourself on the back. That is so false. In Book Riotâs âReading Diversely FAQâ series, Amanda Nelson really brings home that point in part four of the series: âAs far as âjustâ filling a quota: that assumes that people of color donât write books you wouldâve been interested in naturally, and that reading books by authors who arenât white is âjustâ to be done to satisfy some external goal. By diversifying your reading, youâre actively doing something to combat structural racism (especially if youâre in the U.S.), and youâre setting yourself up for a richer, more interesting reading life.â One of the most important reasons why I try to read diversely is because I wholly believe in the power of story. Story is transformative. It allows you to, for at least a little while, become someone else. When a story is written well, you can experience another time and place so profoundly that it changes you. We should want to know what it is like to experience the lives of people different from us. And when we do, what might strike us the most is seeing that on the inside, weâre not all that different. Like Amanda said, that makes for âa richer, more interesting reading life.â Thatâs true. But it also makes for a kinder life, because people who can step outside their safe readerly bubbles will find there a capacity to care for their fellow human beings like they never thought they could before. Now, I canât say that Iâm perfect or that 50% of all the books I read are by authors of color, but I am more conscious of what I read now. One of the biggest things that helped me with that was Litsy. For a while, every month, I would post my reading stats. The first time I did it, I was shocked. I read 15 books that month, but only three of them were written by authors of color. That didnât seem like enough, because I truly wanted to experience the lives of people who arenât exactly like me. (I mean, Iâm already living that life. I know what happens in it.) So I upped my game, and Book Riotâs diverse reading recs honestly helped a lot. Diverse Recs So if you too want to empathize with your fellow humans on this wild globe of ours, here are some book recommendations to get you there: 8 Great Diverse Book Club Picks for Summer Reading Genre-defying Translated Fiction That Deserves More Attention 4 Personal Essay Collections by Women of Color to Put on Your TBR Your 25 Favorite Authors of Color 100 Must-Read Sci-fi Fantasy Novels by Female Authors 100 Must-read Classics by People of Color What are some of your favorite diverse reads? One of my favorite books is The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven by Sherman Alexie. Leave your own in a comment!
Sunday, May 24, 2020
For decades now, Disney Corporation has been providing us with countless films made to delight and amuse children and adults alike. But not all Disney films seem particularly appropriate for their target audience. Many of these films portray violence, gender inequality, and skewed views of leadership roles that seem altogether inappropriate for impressionable young children. Better and more contemporary heroines need to be added to DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s wall of princesses in order to counteract years of sexism. Admittedly, many of DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s original works are not being viewed by their intended audience. Author of Patricia DigÃ ³n Regueiro s states, Ã¢â¬Å"it may be of interest to know that in his early cartoons created by Walt Disney were not directed atÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Once again Snow White is saved not by her actions or words, but by her looks alone. While violence is shown to a far lesser extent in this film compared to others, it is still prevalent. When the Queen orders the huntsman to kill Snow White, she does not ask for a simple death. She orders the man to hack out the young girl s heart and bring it to her (in the original story, she does this so she can eat it. Thankfully, they do not mention that in the movie). Despite being the protagonist, Snow White is never given a chance to lead her own life. From the very beginning of the film, she is always owned by someone else. First her stepmother controls her life, then the huntsman orders her to leave, then it is the dwarfs (sic) who control and care for her well-being, and then it is the prince. Never once does she resist or attempt to go out on her own. By the end of the film, she does not even protest a near stranger kissing her as she sleeps. In fact, she figures that s reason enough to run away with him! Beauty and the Beast is another film with questionable morals. Despite a sixty year time span between the two films, gender relations changed very little. Though the main characters c ome off as slightly more rounded, there are still some eerie instances that should be addressed. Belle is (yet again) a stunning young woman who is revered throughout for herShow MoreRelatedSexism In Disney Princess Movies709 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Disney princess movies has been a very impactful on society and pop culture, and the franchise has been proven to be very lucrative. The main target audience for these movies are little impressionable girls. Every movie from 1937, Snow White, to 2017, Moana, has garnered a lot of attention from children everywhere, especially young females, and leaves a lasting imprint on each and every one. There have been many critics saying that the franchise leaves negative impressions on little girlsRead MoreMulan Sexism Analysis1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMulan Is Sexist Disney movies feature female characters in a variety of roles, from a damsel in distress needing a manÃ¢â¬â¢s help to a woman who becomes her own hero. Mulan is one Disney character who has a seemingly feminist role. The movie features an unordinary girl who is meant to bring honor to her family by being the perfect woman for a man to marry. However, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not who she truly is. When her father gets summoned to serve in the military, Mulan poses as a man and takes his place. She trainsRead MoreMovie : Beauty And The Beast1324 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen I was a young girl my favorite disney movie was Beauty and the Beast. I must have been around five years old when I saw it for the first time and I was infatuated with what I thought the story line was. I five year old self understood the movie plot being about a smart, beautiful young woman rejecting the boy who wanted her only to then fall in love with a prince who would be her one true love. My parents, brother, and I woul d all sit down to watch this movie time and time again and when I wasRead MoreDisney Films: The Little Mermaid1588 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMermaid is most likely the Disney animated movie starring the beautiful red haired mermaid, Ariel. However, as with most Disney films, The Little Mermaid is an adaption of an original story written by Hans Christian Andersen in the 1830s. The creation of this classic fairytale into an animated feature required alterations from the Disney corporation, leading to a final product that is reminiscent of AndersenÃ¢â¬â¢s original story with added layers of American culture, sexism, and musical numbers. TheRead MoreAnalysis Of Disney Company And Its Impact On The World Of The Pockets Of Our Jeans And Hoodies1686 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestop contributors of media is The Walt Disney Company and its affiliated companies such as ABC, Pixar, Touchstone Pictures, Lucasfilm, and Marvel Entertainment, and from a young age many children grow up on the films, ch aracters, books, and television series that are produced by the Walt Disney Company. In the long history of media produced by The Walt Disney Company, beginning with its early groundbreaking animated shorts all the way to the recent Moana, Disney has been the subject of much debateRead MoreSexism In Snow White1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthem all.Ã¢â¬ Snow White was the very first animated film by Disney that is about a young princess. The Evil Queen is jealous and wants to have her killed. Snow White runs into the Seven Dwarfs and stays with them. Disney movies have a lot of controversy and one of them is sexism. Disney movies are good for kids and have role models, but people still say there are negative characteristics that come with the movies. Snow White is full of sexism and it is shown in many different ways. Snow White is constantlyRead MoreIn This Study, A Total Of 109 Participants Varying In Age1409 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswere presented to subjects were randomized, as well as the questions within each block. The blocks in this study are Need for Cognition Short Form, Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI), Ten Item Personality Measure (TIPI), Bem Sex Role Inventory, Romantic Beliefs Scale, Four-Factor Culture Scale, Gender Role Belief Scale Short Form and the Disney princess. One attribute that we measured in this study was the participantÃ¢â¬â¢s tendency to engage in and enjoy effortful cognitions endeavors using the Need forRead MoreNot Much Change With Kid Movies1234 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMuch Change with Kid Movies I grew up watching all the Disney, Pixar, and DreamWorks animated films from Cinderella, The Little Mermaid, Toy Story, Monsters Inc., and Shrek. In high school, a peer of mine named Paul Ray asked me, Ã¢â¬Å"Who is your favorite princess?Ã¢â¬ My response was Mulan and was not shocked, instead he gave me this sarcastic laugh and Ã¢â¬Å"I knew it and itÃ¢â¬â¢s so obvious that you are a feminist.Ã¢â¬ Of course, I loved watching all the Disney princesses and I still do watch them to this day. I cannotRead MoreGender, Race and Disney Princesses Essay examples1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDisney princesses are fun for all ages, but their target audience is young children and Ã¢â¬Å"as children grow and develop, they can be easily influenced by what they see and hearÃ¢â¬ . Therefore, what they see and hear in Disney movies leaves an impression on them. The first princess, Snow White, was created in a time where each gender and race had a specific role in society. Recently, many beli eve that Disney has come a long way in regards to gender and race since Snow White, as several multi-cultural protagonistsRead MoreControversies with the Walt Dinsey Company1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesis, their mind most likely automatically thinks of one word- Disney. Once they think of that there is an array of movies to choose from. The Walt Disney Company has been making its place in this world for almost one hundred years. Over the decades Disney has become a household name whether it be through their blockbuster movies, television channel, books, products, resorts, cruise line or their world famous theme parks. The Walt Disney Company has spread its ideas and products of imagination throughout
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Bipedal locomotion refers to walking on two legs in an upright position, and the only animal to do that all the time is the modern human. Our ancestor primates lived in trees and rarely set foot on the ground; our ancestor hominins moved out of those trees and lived primarily in the savannas. Walking upright all the time is thought to have been an evolutionary step forward if you will, and one of the hallmarks of being human. Scholars have often argued that walking erect is an enormous advantage. Walking erect improves communication, allows visual access to farther distances, and changes throwing behaviors. By walking upright, a hominins hands are freed to do all sorts of things, from holding babies to making stone tools to throwing weapons. American neuroscientist Robert Provine has argued that sustained voiced laughter, a trait which greatly facilitates social interactions, is only possible in bipeds because the respiration system is freed to do that in an upright position. Evidence for Bipedal Locomotion There are four main ways scholars have used to figure out whether a particular ancient hominin is primarily living in the trees or walking upright: ancient skeletal foot construction, other bone configurations above the foot, footprints of those hominins, and dietary evidence from stable isotopes. The best of these, of course, is foot construction: unfortunately, ancient ancestral bones are difficult to find under any circumstances, and foot bones are very rare indeed. Foot structures associated with bipedal locomotion include a plantar rigidityÃ¢â¬âflat footÃ¢â¬âwhich means the sole stays flat from step to step. Secondly, hominins that walk on the earth generally have shorter toes than hominins who live in trees. Much of this was learned from the discovery of a nearly complete Ardipithecus ramidus, an ancestor of ours who apparently walked upright sometimes, some 4.4 million years ago. Skeletal constructions above the feet are slightly more common, and scholars have looked at the configurations of the spine, the tilt, and structure of the pelvis, and the way the femur fits into the pelvis to make assumptions about a hominins ability to walk upright. Footprints and Diet Footprints are also rare, but when they are found in a sequence, they hold evidence that reflects the gait, length of stride, and weight transfer during walking. Footprint sites include Laetoli in Tanzania (3.5-3.8 million years ago, probably Australopithecus afarensis; Ileret (1.5 million years ago) and GaJi10 in Kenya, both likely Homo erectus; the Devils Footprints in Italy, H. heidelbergensis about 345,000 years ago; and Langebaan Lagoon in South Africa, early modern humans, 117,000 years ago. Finally, a case has been made that diet infers environment: if a particular hominin ate a lot of grasses rather than fruit from trees, it is likely the hominin lived primarily in grassed savannas. That can be determined through stable isotope analysis. Earliest Bipedalism So far, the earliest known bipedal locomotor was Ardipithecus ramidus, who sometimesÃ¢â¬âbut not alwaysÃ¢â¬âwalked on two legs 4.4 million years ago. Fulltime bipedalism is currently thought to have been achieved by Australopithecus, the type fossil of which is the famous Lucy, approximately 3.5 million years ago. Biologists have argued that foot and ankle bones changed when our primate ancestors came down from the trees, and that after that evolutionary step, we lost the facility to regularly climb trees without the aid of tools or support systems. However, a 2012 study by human evolutionary biologist Vivek Venkataraman and colleagues points out that there are some modern humans who do regularly and quite successfully climb tall trees, in pursuit of honey, fruit, and game. Climbing Trees and Bipedal Locomotion Venkataraman and his colleagues investigated behaviors and anatomical leg structures of two modern-day groups in Uganda: the Twa hunter-gatherers and Bakiga agriculturalists, who have coexisted in Uganda for several centuries. The scholars filmed the Twa climbing trees and used movie stills to capture and measure how much their feet flexed while tree-climbing. They found that although the bony structure of the feet is identical in both groups, there is a difference in the flexibility and length of soft tissue fibers in the feet of people who could climb trees with ease compared with those who cannot. The flexibility that allows people to climb trees only involves soft tissue, not the bones themselves. Venkataraman and colleagues caution that the foot and ankle construction of Australopithecus, for example, does not rule out tree-climbing, even though it does allow upright bipedal locomotion.Ã Sources Been, Ella, et al. Morphology and Function of the Lumbar Spine of the Kebara 2 Neandertal. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 142.4 (2010): 549-57. Print. Crompton, Robin H., et al. Human-Like External Function of the Foot, and Fully Upright Gait, Confirmed in the 3.66 Million Year Old Laetoli Hominin Footprints by Topographic Statistics, Experimental Footprint-Formation and Computer Simulation. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 9.69 (2012): 707-19. Print. DeSilva, Jeremy M., and Zachary J. Throckmorton. Lucys Flat Feet: The Relationship between the Ankle and Rearfoot Arching in Early Hominins. PLoS ONE 5.12 (2011): e14432. Print. Haeusler, Martin, Regula Schiess, and Thomas Boeni. New Vertebral and Rib Material Point to Modern Bauplan of the Nariokotome Homo Erectus Skeleton. Journal of Human Evolution 61.5 (2011): 575-82. Print. Harcourt-Smith, William E. H. Origin of Bipedal Locomotion. Handbook of Paleoanthropology. Eds. Henke, Winfried, and Ian Tattersall. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015. 1919-59. Print. Huseynov, Alik, et al. Developmental Evidence for Obstetric Adaptation of the Human Female Pelvis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113.19 (2016): 5227-32. Print. Lipfert, Susanne W., et al. A Model-Experiment Comparison of System Dynamics for Human Walking and Running. Journal of Theoretical Biology 292.Supplement C (2012): 11-17. Print. Mitteroecker, Philipp, and Barbara Fischer. Adult Pelvic Shape Change Is an Evolutionary Side Effect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113.26 (2016): E3596-E96. Print. Provine, Robert R. Laughter as an Approach to Vocal Evolution: The Bipedal Theory. Psychonomic Bulletin Review 24.1 (2017): 238-44. Print. Raichlen, David A., et al. Laetoli Footprints Preserve Earliest Direct Evidence of Human-Like Bipedal Biomechanics. PLoS ONE 5.3 (2010): e9769. Print. Venkataraman, Vivek V., Thomas S. Kraft, and Nathaniel J. Dominy. Tree Climbing and Human Evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2012). Print. Ward, Carol V., William H. Kimbel, and Donald C. Johanson. Complete Fourth Metatarsal Andarches in the Foot of Australopithecus Afarensis. Science 331 (2011): 750-53. Print. Winder, Isabelle C., et al. Complex Topography and Human Evolution: The Missing Link. Antiquity 87 (2013): 333-49. Print.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Nation Wide Dilemma in Corrections CJ 2500: CORRECTIONS Professor November 04, 2012 Running Head: Turnover Rate in Corrections Abstract Throughout the years, there has been one major dilemma that continues to hassle the administration whose sole purpose is to provide institutional sanctions, treatment programs, and services for managing criminal offenders. This dilemma is the high turnover rate of the Corrections Officers, whom agencies nation wide are losing at an extremely high rate. Recent statistics indicate that nearly half of all Corrections Academy graduates will have left their agency within a two-year period (Ã¢â¬Å"State questions high, Ã¢â¬Å"2004). We will write a custom essay sample on Turnover Rate in Corrections or any similar topic only for you Order Now This high turnover rate is causing a staff shortage, which is forcing agencies to put new officers on the job immediately while being untrained. Though the amount of Corrections Officers departing from their agencies continues to rise, the amount of inmates entering prisons remains the same. This of course can become a serious safety issue for the departments employing these new hires that are inadequately trained. Throughout this paper I will explore the numerous possibilities of whatÃ¢â¬â¢s causing Corrections Officers to depart from their agencies at such a high rate. Whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s the demanding hours associated with shift work, the high stress and burnout, or the inadequate pay and benefits, all possibilities will be discussed in an attempt to understand why the retention rate of Corrections Officers is lower compared to various other careers across the nation. The Department of Corrections (DOC), privately owned jails, parish jails, and local city jails not only face the hardship of maintaining inmate property, specific calorie counts from meals provided, medicine dispensing, doctor visits, and numerous other tasks required that Corrections Officers tend to on a typical day of work, but these facilities also face the hardship of retaining these Officers for extended lengths of employment. As stated in the Abstract of this paper, Ã¢â¬Å"Recent statistics indicate that nearly half of all Corrections Academy graduates will have left their agency within a two-year periodÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"State questions high, Ã¢â¬Å"2004). This has become a major problem for agencies that have a continuous increase in the number of inmates entering these facilities each year, while becoming almost impossible to keep enough manpower to operate shifts in a safe and secure manner. It is stated that in 1999, the turnover rate of Officers and Corporals within an agency was 29. 6 percent, while the average tenure of Officers was 3 years (Ã¢â¬Å"Department of corrections,Ã¢â¬ ). The turnover rates in 2000 ranged from a low of 3. percent in New York, to a high of 41 percent in Louisiana (Lommel, 2004). Typically, once an Officer has been hired and accepted the job, they are to be trained in some type of Corrections Academy. The department hiring the Officer may host this Academy, or the Officer may have to travel to receive their training. Either way, prior to an Officer actually beginning their job monitoring the walkways of a prison or jail, the Officer should first be well trained to ensure theirs, the inmates, and other Officers safety. However, due to the high number of vacancies within Corrections, Officers are being hired without any experience, while hoping to receive this training academy shortly after becoming employed. Some agencies have established a policy that once the Officer has completed their training at an Academy, they are to sign a contract stating that they will remain with the department for a set amount of years. This is due to the high costs that an agency incurs by having these Officers sent to an accredited Academy to receive their training. The dollar amount that an agency may spend on an Officers training may range anywhere between a few hundred dollars, to a few thousand dollars. To elaborate on the amount of vacancies within Corrections, this could very well be a contributing factor to the increased amount of Officers who resign due to stress and burnout. Officers are being ordered in on their off days or holidays, forced to work mandatory overtime, a higher inmate to Correctional Officer ratio, as well as experienced Officers having to work with an extensive amount of Ã¢â¬Å"rookieÃ¢â¬ or inexperienced Correctional Officers. This combining of experienced officers with new hires, who have not received any type of prior training, raises the stress level during dangerous interactions with inmates, as well lowering the morale of the Officers who remain and attempt to complete their careers with a specific agency. This may be due to long term employees realizing that many of the new hires are using their time as a Correctional Officer to gain experience, or as a stepping-stone to eventually become a road or patrol Officer, which may involve more experienced Officers not spending the time necessary to assist, or provide Ã¢â¬Å"On the job trainingÃ¢â¬ to the new hires. Additional causes of stress may include the threat of inmate violence, actual inmate violence, inmate demands and manipulations, problems with co-workers, as well as having a poor public image. For example, Ã¢â¬Å"Between 1990 and 1995, the number of attacks on correctional officers in State and Federal prisons jumped by nearly one third, from 10,731 to 14,165 (Lommel, 2004). An additional stress added to a Correctional Officers life is being able to balance and separate work from their personal relationships. Workdays at a correctional facility often involve long hours of uneventful and routine procedures. This Ã¢â¬Å"routineÃ¢â¬ may quickly be disrupted by a brief period of crisis. Some Officers have issues with being able to return to a calm state once a crisis occurs, often times bringing their problems home to their families. This may lead Officers to substance abuse, or alcoholism. Law Enforcement careers can be an extremely difficult, stressful, yet rewarding career, even when referring to Corrections Officers. However, due to the long work hours associated with shift work, combined with the stressful and strenuous workdays officers are exposed to, it seems as if all Law Enforcement, to include Corrections officers do not receive the pay and benefits that they are entitled to. A large number of Corrections Officers are leaving this career field due to struggling with raising families while trying to balance and survive on the annual salary of a Corrections Officer. It seems as if economically speaking, the value of everyday necessities ontinues to rise in value, except for the officersÃ¢â¬â¢ paychecks. This dilemma, combined with the additional stress an Officer encounters on the job, could possibly explain why many Officers leave their jobs due to stress and burnout. The benefits that an Officer, or Corrections Officer receives is usually the highlight of their employment contract. Officers usually do receive good insurance and retirement plans. Not just for them, but for their families as well. However, the type of insurance that an Officer receives depends on the plan that the agency has purchased. Some agencies will have top of the line benefits, while others may have insurance carriers with extremely high deductibles and rates, due to tight budget restraints and cutbacks within the department. In addition to the stress, burnout, long hours, and low pay, many officers are never set on retiring within corrections. As previously stated, numerous officers, such as myself, use corrections as a stepping-stone, or training prior to being hired for a patrol position. Numerous agencies such as SheriffÃ¢â¬â¢s Offices of various Parishes within the state, require that an individual hired first serve one to two years within the parish jail prior to being sent to a Police Academy and ultimately landing a position on patrol. Many agencies have come to realize this, which is why they may not spend the time, effort, and funds to train the individual to become a more efficient Corrections Officer. By reflecting on the issues presented in this paper, it is determined that turnover rate in Corrections Officers will likely continue to be a rising problem for agencies. Administrators seeking seminars on retention strategies, which may depend on additional funding, can combat some of these issues. Agencies can improve their policies, improve management, increase criteria of the screening process, as well as address the wage and benefit issue. However, no matter what an agency decides in attempting to retain there officers, there will always be the Officers that slip through the cracks and ultimately cost the department more funding in training the individual, only to have them leave the agency before reaching their desired and previously stated commitment. WORKS CITED Department of corrections background and statistics. (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://legisweb. state. wy. us/progeval/reports/2000/turnovr/Chapter4. htm High turnover of corrections staff, excessive priosoner head counts attract media attention. (2006, Sep 06). Retrieved from http://www. bcgeu. ca/node/1314 Lommel, J. (2004, August). Turning around turnover. Retrieved from http://search. proquest. com. ezproxy. liberty. edu:2048/docview/215699356 State questions high turnover among prison officers. (2004, 04 05). Retrieved from http://www. corrections. com/articles/1862 How to cite Turnover Rate in Corrections, Essay examples
Monday, May 4, 2020
Essay on Counseling and Advocacy in Diverse Poupulation Essay Counseling and Advocacy in Diverse Population Unit 7 Culturally Relevant Strategies The primary goal of an elementary school counselor is to establish a rapport with the students and lay the foundation for youth to grow and fill the positions of next generation citizens, parents and business leaders. Another role of a counselor is to help students strengthen skills such as adapting to various environments and how to develop behaviors that will work in their day-to-day school setting. Upon obtaining a Masters Degree in School Counseling my aspiration is to counsel students in grades K-12. Working as a school counselor will allow me to work with Hispanic students and their families. As I transition into the school counseling position, I will need to learn about the Hispanic culture in order to effectively help the students in the school. Being able to work in an environment with multicultural students and families is essential and a qualification that a counselor should possess. Cultural Immersion As an effort to promote multiculturalism and get acquainted with families from other cultures, our school district hosted Hispanic Heritage Night. This event was created specifically for our Hispanic families. During this event, the families, students, faculty, and staff members came together and shared various cultural experiences. Hispanic Heritage Night is held annually and is hosted at a different elementary school cite each year. The primary goal of this event is to help break down barriers for Hispanic families living in the community. Preparing for the event brought about several emotions and feelings. Being able to host an event where families are invited to come out and talk about their culture can be challe. .., Baezconde-Garbanati, L. February 2011. Acculturation, Gender Depression, and Cigarette Smoking Among U.S. Hispanic Youth: The Mediating Role of Perceived Discrimination. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com. library.capella.edu/education/docview/897013979/FEABEA3BBF02418CPQ/22?accountid=27965. Marin, G., Marin, B. (1991). Research with Hispanic Populations . Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. Pabon, Edward. Winter 1998. Hispanic Adolescent delinquency and the family: A Discussion of Sociocultural Influences. Retrieved from http://search. proquest.com.library.capella.edu/education/docview/195938073/FE ABEA3BBF02418CPQ/44?accountid=27965. Sue, D. W., Sue, D. (2013). Counseling the culturally diverse: Theory and practice (6th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley Sons, Inc.